Dell transformed the 15-inch mobile workstation in 2013 with the launch of the Precision M3800. The stylish laptop was thinner and lighter than anything that had come before, but it still delivered the goods for 3D CAD, thanks to its mid-range Nvidia Quadro GPU. HP then followed suit in 2015 with the similarly specced HP ZBook Studio.
Lenovo chose a different tack for its slimline 15-inch mobile workstation, making battery life the number one priority. Its latest model, the ThinkPad P52s, should run all day long without having to plug into the mains, even when running 3D CAD.
The laptop achieves this, not through one but two Li-Ion batteries: an integrated front 4-cell (32Wh) battery, as well as a removable rear battery which comes in a choice of three different capacities – 3-cell (24Wh), 6-cell (48Wh), or 6-cell (72Wh). In contrast, most other mobile workstations have just a single battery that is completely built in.
As the rear battery can be easily swapped out, battery life can be extended even further by carrying a spare in your laptop bag. You can even ‘hot swap’ the external battery without having to power down.
Simply shut the lid, flip the switch and pull it out. The machine will keep running on the integrated battery.
Our test machine came with a front 4-cell (32Wh) and a rear 3-cell (24Wh) battery. This might not be the top spec, but it still managed to last an impressive 235mins in the demanding PCMark OpenCL media battery test, which continually hammers both CPU and GPU.
If fitted with a 6-cell (72Wh) external battery we reckon it could go for over 400 mins. In more realistic day-to-day workflows, of course, it could go for considerably longer. Lenovo claims an incredible 26.3 hours when running the less demanding MobileMark 2014 benchmark.
The downside of the 6-cell (72Wh) external battery is its size, which makes it protrude from the machine. The good news is you can pick and choose your batteries, depending on your power needs, as spares only cost about £70.
Packing out the machine with multiple cells is not the only way the ThinkPad P52s achieves such good battery life. Lenovo has also chosen the CPU and GPU very carefully to minimise power usage.
The Intel Core i7-8650U CPU is a very low power quad core processor, with a thermal design power (TDP) of 15W. This is one third of what you’d find in a typical mobile workstation, although power consumption can go a bit higher at peak loads.
The Nvidia Quadro P500 (2GB) GPU offers similar savings, with an 18W TDP compared to the respective 40W and 50W of the Quadro P1000 and Quadro P2000.
In addition to reduced power consumption, the ThinkStation P52s also benefits from a very compact power supply.
The 65W USB Type-C AC adapter is one of the smallest and lightest we’ve ever seen, as shown below.
Of course, having low-power processors does impact performance, but not as much as one might expect and it is dependent on workflow.
The Intel Core i7-8650U keeps power in check by having a very low base frequency of 1.9GHz, but a turbo of 4.2GHz. In practice this means good performance in single-threaded CAD applications, where the CPU is able to run close to 4.2GHz. Indeed, in our SolidWorks IGES export test, it ran at 3.8GHz, dropping from 4.2GHz over the 108 seconds it took to complete. It was only marginally slower than the 17-inch Dell Precision 7720 we reviewed in January, which had an Intel Xeon E3-1535M v6 (4 cores, .1GHz, 4.2GHz Turbo).
In multi-threaded rendering applications, you can see the limitations of the low-power CPU, as it stays close to its base frequency when all four cores are in use. Compared to the beast that is the Dell Precision 7720, it took 50% longer to complete our KeyShot render test, dropping from 2.4GHz down to 2.2GHz.
Still, this is a significant improvement over its predecessor, the ThinkPad P51s, which only had two cores to play with, with an Intel Core i7-7600U (2.8GHz, 3.9GHz Turbo).
Graphics has also improved considerably, with the ThinkPad P52s boasting the new Pascal-based Quadro P500. In CAD applications, SolidWorks, PTC Creo and Autodesk Revit, we found 3D performance to be on par with Lenovo’s micro desktop workstation, the ThinkStation P320 Tiny, which has a desktop Nvidia Quadro P600 GPU.
As far as 3D CAD and BIM is concerned, the ThinkPad P52s should be able to handle most entry-level to mainstream workflows – as long as the datasets and applications don’t need more than 2GB of GPU memory.
The laptop is not really geared up for game engine visualisation or GPU rendering. However, in saying that, the 23 Frames Per Second (FPS) it achieved in our Autodesk Revit Live game engine benchmark should give users a perfectly acceptable experience.
Our test machine benefits here from its FHD (1,920 x 1,080) display – a solid, if not outstanding, anti-glare Multitouch IPS panel. If our ThinkPad P52s had been configured with the optional 15.6” UHD (3,840 x 2,160) IPS panel, then game engine viz applications would likely have put too big a strain on the entry-level GPU, with frame rates dropping to unacceptable levels due to having to render more pixels. Impressively, in all our testing, fan noise stayed very low.
Memory is pretty standard for a machine of this class, with a maximum of 32GB of 2400MHz DDR4 dual-channel memory, which should be more than adequate for most CAD users. In the future, this could extend to 64GB when 32GB SODIMMs become available.
The machine can be configured with a 2.5-inch Hard Disk Drive (HDD) or an NVMe M.2 Solid State Drive (SSDs). Unfortunately, it’s not possible to have both at the same time, as they occupy the same space inside the case. This is a bit of a design flaw, as it means you can’t have the best of both worlds: the performance of NVMe SSD storage for operating system and applications and the low cost per GB of an HDD for data.
We’d never recommend an HDD on its own these days, however tight your budget, simply because the performance trade-off is so big. If you want to choose a 1TB NVMe SSD over the standard 256GB model, it will cost an additional £342.
The 2.5-inch HDD and dual batteries contribute to a case that is slightly thicker and bigger than the competition. However, at 19.95mm x 365.8mm x 252.8mm, it’s not exactly bulky. And with weight starting at 1.95kg, it’s still very portable, especially when you consider you probably won’t need an AC adapter in the bag.
The build quality is trademark Lenovo, crafted from solid glass-fibre reinforced black plastic. It’s certainly sturdy but lacks the aesthetic beauty of the CNC-machined aluminium Dell Precision 5530 or HP ZBook Studio G5.
There are some contemporary features, including a front-facing Infrared camera that supports Windows Hello technology, so you can use your face for authentication or for logging in. In addition, the bundled Mirametrix Glance software allows the machine to automatically lock when you look away for a set time, then unlock upon your return.
There are also some neat features when using multi-monitors. For example, click and hold a window titlebar, look at a new screen and the window will teleport there instantly.
Alternatively, press CTRL and look at a new monitor and the pointer will automatically move to the centre of the screen.
The ThinkPad P52s can also be configured with a standard HD720p camera that comes with a shutter that physically blocks the camera for guaranteed privacy, spelling an end to the DIY sticky note solution.
For security, there’s an updated fingerprint reader on the palm rest that uses touch rather than swipe for easier authentication. The multi touch trackpad is large and the Mylar surface offers just about the right amount of resistance. There’s also the classic Trackpoint, for those who prefer this alternative input device.
The optional LED-backlit keyboard is comfortable and a pleasure to type with. The inclusion of a numeric keyboard is a bonus for designers and engineers, a feature that you won’t find in the Dell Precision 5530 or HP ZBook Studio G5.
The laptop can be charged over USB Type-C, which is a nice feature if you want to cut down on cables and charge from a compatible desktop monitor. For older monitors, there’s an HDMi port, but you’ll need the optional adapters to connect to DisplayPort (USB-C) or VGA (HDMi).
Elsewhere, there’s USB 3.1 Type-C Gen 1, USB 3.1 Type-C Gen 2/Thunderbolt 3 and two USB 3.1 Gen 1 (one Always On).
Lenovo has also managed to squeeze in an Ethernet (RJ-45) port, the best choice for moving large CAD datasets, but there’s also fast dual band Intel 8265 2 x 2 a/c for wireless connectivity.
Lenovo’s ThinkPad P52s might not be the thinnest, lightest or most powerful slimline mobile workstation but it certainly wins hands down when it comes to battery life. And in a world where designers are becoming more and more mobile, it’s great to have a CAD-capable laptop that you truly don’t have to worry about charging during the day.
Yes, the highest capacity rear battery adds to the bulk, but it’s a small price to pay if you’re travelling long distance, out on site, or simply want complete freedom to work anywhere.
» Intel Core i7-8650U CPU (1.9GHz, 4.2GHz Turbo) (4 Cores)
» 32GB (2 x 16GB) DDR4 2400 SODIMM memory
» 256GB PCIe NVMe OPAL2 SSD
» Nvidia Quadro P500 GPU (2GB) (388.75 driver)
» 15.6-inch IPS FHD (1,920 x 1,080) AntiGlare 250 nits multi-touch display
» IR Camera with Microphone
» Microsoft Windows 10 Pro 64-Bit
» 365.8 (w) x 252.8 (d) x 19.95mm (h)
» From 1.95kg
» Three-year onsite warranty
(secs – smaller is better)
(SolidWorks 2015 IGES export) – 108 secs
(KeyShot 6.1) – 1,147 secs
(bigger is better)
CAD (SolidWorks 2015)
composite FSAA) – 4.67
CAD (PTC Creo 3.0)
composite) – 4.32
Hotel model – 10
Roundabout – 5
Viz (Revit Live)
Villa Enhanced – 23
Intel Core i7-8650U CPU (1.9GHz, 4.2GHz Turbo) (4 Cores)
32GB (2 x 16GB) DDR4 2400 SODIMM memory
Nvidia Quadro P500 GPU (2GB) (388.75 driver)
256GB PCIe NVMe OPAL2 SSD
Three-year onsite warranty