Review: Lenovo ThinkPad W550s [pre-production unit]

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Battery life can be a big issue for CAD on the go. But when a laptop has workstation-class components throughout one can’t really expect it to last more than a few hours away from the mains.

This really sucks if you’re a frequent traveller or too old to be fighting over sockets in Starbucks. And something that Lenovo has acknowledged with its new ThinkPad W550s, which gets the Intel Ultrabook seal of approval in some configurations.

Lenovo claims its new slimline machine has the best battery life of any mobile workstation. And we’d have to agree. Fully loaded with 9 cells, it lasted an incredible 6h 33mins in our compute intensive PCMark 8 battery test, about twice as long as its closest rival, the HP ZBook 15u.

With the benchmark hammering CPU and GPU for most of its duration, we would expect this machine to last well over a whole day under more restrained use (think Word and Excel with a sprinkling of CAD).


The secret to the ThinkPad’s longevity is not rocket science — powerful batteries combined with low-voltage processors mean the power issue is tackled on two fronts.

However, the way that Lenovo has implemented its batteries is rather unique.

Rather than having a single battery the ThinkPad W550s has two: a fixed internal 3 Cell (44 Whr) and a removable external battery that clips underneath.

The external battery comes in three options. A 3-cell (23 Whr) model that sits flush with the underside of the machine or a 6-cell (48 WHr) or 6-cell (72 Whr) that protrudes from the bottom – by about the width of an AA battery.

As the eternal battery can be easily removed, you can extend battery life even further by keeping a spare in the laptop bag. This makes 3D CAD all the way from LHR to SFO a distinct reality. You can even swap out the external battery without having to power down.

Keeping power consumption down, the ThinkPad W550s features the same Ultra Low Voltage (ULV) processor as the HP ZBook 15u – an Intel Core i7-5600U. With only 2 CPU cores, performance will be restricted in simulation or ray trace rendering software.

However, with a clock speed of 2.60GHz (Turbo up to 3.20GHz) it’s a decent option for single threaded CAD operations.

For 3D graphics, Lenovo has taken a different tack to HP, partnering the Intel CPU with an entry-level Nvidia Quadro K620 GPU. In our hands-on 3D CAD tests the machine felt responsive, even with some relatively complex models. However, it’s hard to put an exact figure on performance as a) our SolidWorks benchmark does not run on Windows 8.1 and b) the benchmark scores in Creo were a little erratic — ranging from. 3.44 to 4.12.

This inconsistency could be down to our test machine being a pre-production unit.

We did experience a few quirks with the system, specifically in relation to Lenovo’s ‘Intelligent Cooling’ technology, which seemed intent on clocking the CPU right down to 1.2GHz under most loads, significantly impacting performance.

Switching off Intelligent Cooling meant performance was restored to expected levels – and it did this without negatively impacting fan noise. Lenovo told DEVELOP3D it is working on a patch to fix this issue.

Intelligent Cooling is one of a number of features that can be adjusted through the intuitive Lenovo Settings software. Rather than having to drill down into the Windows Control Panel and dialogue box upon dialogue box, the touchpad, wireless, network, power, camera and fingerprint reader can all be configured from an easy-to-use touch screen menu.

Having initially been a little sceptical about the real value of touch screens on a mobile workstation, using the ThinkPad’s 15.5-inch 2,880 x 1,620 multi-touch display with Windows 8.1 was a moment of enlightenment.

While we wouldn’t recommend it for precise CAD work, in terms of navigating files, apps and web pages, touching the screen directly is often much quicker and more intuitive than using the trackpad or point stick.

That’s not to say the trackpad is poor. A vast improvement over the one used in the ThinkPad W540, we found it comfortable and precise.

The backlit keyboard took a little getting used to, as the island style keys have more travel than most, but we adjusted quite quickly and the numeric keypad is a big bonus for CAD. The ThinkPad W550s and the MSI WS60 were the only two machines in this group test to boast this often-valued feature.

The chassis is classic ThinkPad – a solid, well built simple design with a soft touch finish on the lid. However, it lacks the serviceability of Lenovo’s desktop P-series workstations and accessing the internals is a bit of a challenge due to an awkward plastic back panel with multiple screws.

In saying that there probably isn’t much need for access as upgrades are limited. Like all of the mobile workstations in our group test, RAM is maxed out at 16GB. However, more surprisingly, Lenovo only has room for one 2.5-inch drive.

Our test machine’s 512GB SATA SSD is perfectly adequate, but those in need of more capacity to store hefty CAD datasets will have to choose a slower 1TB HDD. One would expect a machine of this class to offer both 2.5-inch for data and a small form factor SSD (mSATA or M.2) for operating system and applications.

Of course, storage can be supplemented by an external USB 3.0 drive. There are three ports (one is always on, which is useful for charging smart phones). Data can also be brought in and out via Gigabit Ethernet or fast Intel Dual Band Wireless – AC 7265. 3G or 4G WWAN is an option extra with a Sierra EM7345 LTE or Ericsson N5321 3G, HSPA+ module.

The ThinkPad has always been a popular choice with enterprise customers so it’s good to see that Lenovo has not cut corners when developing this slimline model.

Fingerprint and smart card readers are available and, thanks to the underside docking port, it can mate with a ThinkPad Pro Dock or UltraDock making it easy to hook up to external displays, peripherals and LAN – via DisplayPort, VGA, DVI, Gigabit Ethernet and USB.

The ThinkPad W550s offers a unique proposition in the ultra portable 15-inch mobile workstation – a CAD-class laptop that can last all day on batteries. As a result it’s a little thicker (23.3mm) and heavier (2.48kg) than other models, though with all day battery you probably won’t need to carry the power adapter with you so that saves some weight.

With the slightly bulkier frame it’s a little disappointing it doesn’t have more storage options, but this shouldn’t detract from what is otherwise an excellent enterprise-class mobile workstation ideal for truly mobile designers.

To view comparative scores from other laptops and workstations please click here
For details of all our specific CAD/CAM/CAE benchmarks click here

This review is part of a group test of Ultra portable 15-inch mobile workstations.

Below are links to the rest of the content

Those based on a business-class laptop chassis
HP ZBook 15u

Those based on a 3D gaming laptop chassis
DELL Precision M3800
MSI WS60 mobile workstation

External Storage

Mainstream 15-inch mobile workstations can typically hold up to three internal drives but their slimline siblings are limited to one or two. This increases the importance of external storage for storing huge CAD datasets.

To read our review of some of the most popular storage devices, click here.


» Intel Core i7-5600U (2.60GHz up to 3.20GHz (2 cores, 4 threads)
» 16GB (2 x 8GB) 12800 DDR3L 1600MHz
» Nvidia Quadro K620M (2GB) +Intel HD Graphics 5500
» 512GB 2.5-inch SATA SSD
» Keyboard / Mouse: ThinkPad Precision Keyboard with NumPad & Backlight
» Battery: 3 cell Front (44 Whr) + 6 cell Rear High Capacity (72 Whr)
» Wireless: Intel Dual Band Wireless- AC 7265, 2×2, Wi-Fi + Bluetooth, M.2 card
» Ports: 3 x USB 3.0 (one Always-On charging port), RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet
» Expansion / security: Fingerprint reader. Smart Card reader. Integrated 4-in-1 SD card reader
» Display: 15.5” 3K (2,880 x 1,620) IPS Multi-touch, 350nits
» Display outputs: VGA, Mini DisplayPort v 1.2
» Docking: Bottom docking port for Ultra Dock Docking Station
» Size (W x D x H) 339 x 237 x 21mm
» Webcam: 720p HD
» Weight (machine + power adapter incl UK plug): 2.48kg + 0.33kg
» Microsoft Windows 8.1 Professional 64-bit
» 3 year on site

CPU benchmarks

(secs – smaller is better)
CAM (Delcam PowerMill 2010) – (i) 316 (ii) 511 (iii) 745
CAE (SolidWorks 2010 Simulation) – N/A
Rendering (3ds Max Design 2011) – 643

Graphics benchmarks

(bigger is better)
CAD (SolidWorks 2013 – SPECapc graphics composite) – Benchmark does not run on Win 8
CAD (PTC Creo 2.0 – SPECapc graphics test) – 3.44 to 4.12*
Battery test (PCMark 8) Compute intensive creative test (max & min brightness): 6h 33mins* No min brightness recorded
(* Testing performed on pre-production unit so performance could change with final production unit)
Intel Core i7-5600U (2.60GHz up to 3.20GHz (2 cores, 4 threads)
16GB (2 x 8GB) 12800 DDR3L 1600MHz
Nvidia Quadro K620M (2GB) +Intel HD Graphics 5500
512GB 2.5-inch SATA SSD
3 year on site